Guinea-Bissau:  Between 19964 and 1974 the liberation movement, PAIGC, waged a war of independence against Portuguese colonial rule which had brutally scarred this small West African country for over a century.  A coup against the Portuguese fascist regime in April 1994,  brought independence to all the Portuguese colonies - including Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, and Angola.  These photos are from my visits to the liberated zones in 1974 and 1976.  The successful struggles against Portuguese colonialism continue to be an inspiration,   even as we watch these nations give up on the ideals of their struggle. 

 The dreaded "prancha":  These were the most terrifying moments for me!  Crossing narrow makeshift "bridges" without support.  In the forefront is my interpreter Espirito Siva dos Santos 

The dreaded "prancha":  These were the most terrifying moments for me!  Crossing narrow makeshift "bridges" without support.  In the forefront is my interpreter Espirito Siva dos Santos 

 Fina Crato (center) was one of my guides in the liberated zones.

Fina Crato (center) was one of my guides in the liberated zones.

 Bwetna N'Dubi, regional leaders in the liberated zones: 

Bwetna N'Dubi, regional leaders in the liberated zones: 

 Setting off by truck for first part of journey into the liberated zones:  Most was done by foot.

Setting off by truck for first part of journey into the liberated zones:  Most was done by foot.

SJU getting into truck.jpg
6a. Teodora at her typewriter at her base.jpg
2. Listening to the news from Portugal after the coup.jpg
6b. Teodora on the ferry to Guinea-Bissau.jpg